Complications and severity of esophageal cancer
The esophagus is a type of cancer that affects the esophagus, often originating from the mucous layer of the esophagus. Esophageal cancer is difficult cancer to cure, following the diagnosis of most cases in the advanced stages. Esophageal cancer can cause several symptoms such as dysphagia and chest pain, but the symptoms often appear in advanced stages, making it difficult to diagnose the disease.
Treatment depends on several approaches including surgical, chemotherapy and palliative therapy.
It is not clear what is the cause of esophageal cancer, but some factors seem to cause chronic irritation in the esophagus that may lead to cancerous cell transformation. The most prominent of these factors are:
- · Smoking.
- · Alcohol.
- · Obesity.
- Chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) leads to chronic inflammation of the esophagus and over time for esophageal cancer if not treated.
Achalasia, which causes dysphagia.
• The risk of esophageal cancer increases when you age.
Men are more likely to develop esophageal cancer than women.
Very hot drinks may cause irritation of the esophagus and thus cause esophageal cancer.· Low intake of vegetables and fruits, the latter contributes to maintaining the moisture of the esophagus and prevent irritation.
Because the esophagus is a cylindrical organ, the tumor causes complications only when it grows so that it fills the esophagus cavity, or penetrates its wall. Complications are an expression of advanced stages of the disease, including:
The tumor can lead to bleeding in the esophagus, thus vomiting blood or bloody stool.· Blockage of the esophagus: The tumor grows to the point where it completely blocks the esophagus.
Severe weight loss due to the inability to eat.
This occurs if the wall of the esophagus is penetrated. There are several complications in the lung itself, such as pneumonia, chronic cough, and others.
Esophageal cancer causes very severe pain.